What is Arthritis?
Arthritis is defined as the inflammation of the joints. There are several types of arthritis that are present in different joints as a result of different inflammatory processes.
The two main types of arthritis are:
- Osteoarthritis arthritis
- Rheumatoid arthritis
Osteoarthritis arthritis occurs mainly in the elderly population. Osteoarthritis is usually found in weight-bearing joints such as the hips and knees, but can also be present in joints of the fingers.
It is the consequence of wear-and-tear on joints. The elderly get this type of arthritis due to defects in chondrocytes (cells that produce cartilage that acts as a shock absorber for joints). The joint erodes and narrows & in some cases bones can scrape against each other causing inflammation and pain. The pain typically worsens throughout the day with movement.
Rheumatoid arthritis is systemic disease that affects joints as well as other systems of the body. The main joints affected in this disease are of your hands, wrists, shoulders, and ankles.
This disease affects a slightly younger cohort and is found more commonly in women. In this disease, your body forms antibodies against its own tissues causing it to attack itself (autoimmune disease). As opposed to osteoarthritis where your cartilage being worn down, in rheumatoid arthritis the synovial membrane that surrounds the joint becomes inflamed and swollen. In this disease, the pain usually improves throughout the day. Along with joint problems patients also present with fever, rheumatoid nodules (typically found in fat), and vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels).
What is CBD?
CBD (cannibidiol) is a non-psychoactive component of the hemp plant. It acts as a signaling molecule. Upon binding to specific receptors, it initiates changes in the cell via a cascade of protein messages. Humans have been using this chemical for centuries in a number of medicinal preparations. It has demonstrated promise in treating numerous diseases including, gout, rheumatism, several neurological disorders, and even cancer.
How Can CBD help Patients with Arthritis?
The main symptom of arthritis is pain. Cannabinoids like CBD act as natural painkillers via their activation of cannabinoid receptors in the body. Agonists (or activators) of these receptors modulate nociceptive (pain) thresholds.
In layman’s terms, CBD decreases the amount of pain felt by a painful stimulus. These receptors have also been found to decrease inflammatory mediators in the body that lead to swelling and pain.
La Porta et al. 2014, explained that the ubiquitous nature of CBD receptors (meaning they are found throughout the body) allows CBD to reduce pain and inflammation associated with arthritis. Another study performed in 2006 found significant results suggesting that a CBD based medicine known as Sativex reduced the pain associated with rheumatoid arthritis (Blake et al.). It also documented no adverse affects associated with CBD treatment.
If you or anyone you know has been suffering from the pain, its time to take control. Try ICANN Function a topical CBD extract oil that helps lubricate joint and give relief from pain.